Samuel ADAMS

Samuel Adams

Born: September 27, 1722 at Boston, Massachusetts Bay
Died: October 2, 1803 (aged 81) at Cambridge, Massachusetts
Spouse: Elizabeth Checkley (m. 1749 – 1757), Elizabeth Wells (m. 1764 – 1803)
Political Party: Democratic-Republican
Children: He had 6 children

Offices held:
4th Governor of Massachusetts (1794 – 1797)
3rd Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (1789 – 1794)
President of the Massachusetts Senate (1782 – 1785, 1787 – 1788)
Delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress (1774 – 1781)
Clerk of the Massachusetts House of Representatives (1766 – 1774)

Facts about Samuel Adams

Adams suffered from what is now believed to have been essential tremor, a movement disorder that, in the final decade of his life, rendered him unable to write. Boston’s Republican newspaper, the Independent Chronicle, eulogized him as the “”Father of the American Revolution“”. He was a second cousin of U.S. President John Adams, with whom he urged a final break from Great Britain, and a signee of the U.S. Declaration of Independence.

The Adams clan was a very politically active family in Boston. Although he usually wasn’t the leader or at the top of the chain of command, Adams was often chosen to be rebellious colonists spokesperson. Thomas Jefferson called him truly the Man of the Revolution. His father was a Founding member of The Boston Caucus. The Boston Caucus was a political organization that helped spark the American Revolution.

From 1756 to 1764, Adams worked as a tax collector. As tax rates mounted, it became more difficult for colonists to foot the bill. Ever the ally of the underdog and always a poor businessman, Adams decided to look the other way. By not collecting debts, Adams earned the undying affection of taxpayers, even when the government ran out of money.

He was a leading figure in the fight against British taxation of the colonies. He called for the colonies to not cooperate with the British which would eventually lead to the British occupying Boston. After the Boston Massacre in March of 1770, in which British soldiers fired shots into an angry mob of colonist, Adams sought a fair trial for the soldiers. He convinced John Adams, his cousin, to defend the soldiers at trial. He also worked hard in an attempt to get the British army to withdraw from Boston.

It is believed Sam Adams had a role in the Boston Tea Party which took place on December 16th of 1773; however his exact role is unknown. Samuel Adams is a controversial figure in American history. Disagreement about his significance and reputation began before his death and continues to the present.

Samuel Adams Childhood

Samuel Adams was born on September 27, 1722, in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of a woman of strong religious beliefs and of a prosperous brewer who was active in local politics. For this reason Adams was familiar at a young age with Boston politics and politicians. As an adult he would play a strong role in Boston’s political resistance to British rule.

The young Adams studied Greek and Latin in a small schoolhouse. He entered Harvard College at age fourteen. When he graduated in 1740 he was not sure what his career should be. He did not want to become a brewer like his father, nor did he want to enter the clergy. Although his father loaned him money to start his own business, Adams did not manage his funds well. As a result he went to work for his father’s brewery after all.

Where is Samuel Adams buried?

He was interred at the Granary Burying Ground in Boston.

How did Samuel Adams die?

He died at the age of 81 on October 2, 1803 in his hometown of Boston.

Samuel ADAMS Biography

ADAMS, Samuel, (uncle of Joseph Allen; granduncle of Charles Allen; cousin of John Adams), a Delegate from Massachusetts; born in Boston, Mass., September 27, 1722; graduated from Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass., 1740; M.A., Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass., 1743; brewer; tax collector, Boston, Mass., 1756-1764; member of the Massachusetts general court, 1765-1774; member of the Continental Congress, 1774-1781;

Signer of the Declaration of Independence; member of the Massachusetts state constitutional convention, 1779; president of the Massachusetts state senate, 1781; member of the Massachusetts state constitutional convention, 1788; unsuccessful candidate for election to the First Congress in 1788; lieutenant governor of Massachusetts, 1789-1794; governor of Massachusetts, 1794-1797; died on October 2, 1803, in Boston, Mass.; interment in Granary Burial Ground, Boston, Mass.

 

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