Roger SHERMAN

Roger Sherman

Born: April 19, 1721 at Newton, Massachusetts
Died: July 23, 1793 (aged 72) at New Haven, Connecticut
Spouse: Elizabeth Hartwell (m. 1749 – 1760), Rebecca Minot Prescott (m. 1763 – 1793)
Children: He had 15 children

Offices held:
United States Senator from Connecticut (1791 – 1793)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut’s At-large district (1789 – 1791)
Delegate to the Continental Congress from Connecticut (1774 – 1781, 1784)
1st Mayor of New Haven, Connecticut (1784 – 1793)
Political Party: 
Pro-Administration

Facts about Roger Sherman

His daughter Rebecca Sherman, was married to Simeon Baldwin, who became Mayor of New Haven, Connecticut in 1826. From 1755 through 1761, Roger Sherman held numerous political offices, including serving in the Connecticut General Assembly and serving in the positions of justice of the peace and county judge.

Roger Sherman was active in the colonies struggle for independence from British rule. He served in the Continental Congress from 1774-1781 and 1783-1784. During the Constitutional Convention of 1787 he proposed to Connecticut Compromise that led to the current structure of the US Congress.

Sherman signed the Continental Association, which created the trade boycott with Great Britain, from the First Continental Congress. Sherman passed the bar exam without having had any formal education in the law.

Throughout his life, Sherman was a major benefactor of Yale College, acting as the universitys treasurer for many years and promoting construction of a college chapel.

Roger Sherman Childhood

Sherman was born into a farm family located at Newton, Massachusetts near Boston. His father was William and mother Mehetabel Sherman. William and Mehetabel had seven children. In 1723 the Shermans left Newton and settled in the south precinct of Dorchester.

The part of Stoughton where Sherman grew up became part of Canton in 1797. Sherman’s education did not extend beyond his father’s library and grammar school, and his early career was spent as a shoe-maker. However, he had an aptitude for learning, and access to a good library owned by his father, as well as a Harvard-educated parish minister, the Rev. Samuel Dunbar, who took him under his wing.

In 1743, due to his father’s death, Sherman moved with his mother and siblings to New Milford, Connecticut, where in partnership with his brother William, he opened the town’s first store. He very quickly introduced himself in civil and religious affairs, rapidly becoming one of the town’s leading citizens and eventually town clerk of New Milford. Due to his mathematical skill he became county surveyor of New Haven County in 1745, and began providing astronomical calculations for almanacs in 1759.

Where is Roger Sherman buried?

He was buried in New Haven Green. In 1821, when that cemetery was relocated, his remains were moved to the Grove Street Cemetery.

How did Roger Sherman die?

Sherman died in his sleep on July 23, 1793 after a two-month illness diagnosed as typhoid fever

Roger SHERMAN Biography

SHERMAN, Roger, (father-in-law of Samuel Hoar and Simeon Baldwin, grandfather of William Evarts, Roger Sherman Baldwin, George Frisbie Hoar and Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar, great-grandfather of Rockwood Hoar and Sherman Hoar, great-great grandfather of Henry Sherman Boutell, great-great-uncle of Chauncey M. Depew), a Delegate, a Representative, and a Senator from Connecticut; born in Newton, Mass., April 19, 1721; moved with his parents to Stoughton (now Canton), Mass., in 1723; attended the public schools; learned the shoemakers trade; moved to New Milford, Conn., in 1743; surveyor of New Haven County in 1745; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1754 and practiced; member, Connecticut assembly 1755-1756, 1758-1761, 1764-1766; justice of the peace for Litchfield County 1755-1761, and of the quorum 1759-1761; moved to New Haven, Conn., in June 1761; justice of the peace and member of the court 1765-1766; member, State senate 1766-1785; judge of the superior court 1766-1767, 1773-1788; member of the council of safety 1777-1779;

Member of the Continental Congress 1774-1781, and 1784; a signer of the Declaration of Independence and a member of the committee which drafted it; member of the committee to prepare the Articles of Confederation; the only Member of the Continental Congress who signed the Declaration of 1774, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Federal Constitution; mayor of New Haven from 1784 until his death; delegate to the Federal Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 and one of the signers of the Constitution; elected to the First Congress (March 4, 1789-March 3, 1791); elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William S. Johnson and served from June 13, 1791, until his death in New Haven, Conn., July 23, 1793; interment in Grove Street Cemetery in New Haven (formerly known as New Haven City Burying Ground).

 

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