Representative Thomas Allen JENCKES

YEARS 1818-1875
OFFICE Representative
STATE Rhode Island
WHICH CONGRESS SERVED 38th (1863-1865), 39th (1865-1867), 40th (1867-1869), 41st (1869-1871)

Representative Thomas Allen JENCKES Biography

JENCKES, Thomas Allen, a Representative from Rhode Island; born in Cumberland, R.I., November 2, 1818; attended the public schools; was graduated from Brown University, Providence, R.I., in 1838; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1840 and commenced practice in Providence, R.I.; clerk in the State legislature 1840-1844; secretary of the State constitutional convention in 1842; adjutant general 1845-1855; member of the State house of representatives 1854-1857; commissioner to revise the laws of the State in 1855; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1863-March 3, 1871); chairman, Committee on Patents (Thirty-eighth through Forty-first Congresses); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1870; resumed the practice of law; died in Cumberland, R.I., on November 4, 1875; interment in Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I. View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

External Research Collections

Library of Congress Manuscript Division Washington, DC Papers: 1836-1878. 74 containers. Correspondence, journals, ledgers, diaries, account books, patent and legal papers, and photographs. Papers from his congressional years relate to civil service reform and bankruptcy, patent, and copyright laws. Partially indexed. Unpublished finding aid in library. Brown University Hay Library Providence, RI Maine Historical Society Portland, ME Papers: In the miscellaneous correspondence of Jabez C. Woodman, 1866, 48 items. Correspondents include Thomas A. Jenckes. Rhode Island Historical Society Providence, RI Papers: In the Thomas A. Jenckes family papers, 1800-1949, 22 feet. Persons represented include Thomas A. Jenckes. Papers: In the records of the Blackstone Canal Company, 1825-1850, .5 linear foot. Subjects include Thomas A. Jenckes. Temple University Special Collections, Temple University Libraries Philadelphia, PA Papers: In the collection of autographed American correspondence, 1832-1969, 35 items. Correspondents include Thomas A. Jenckes. University of Virginia University of Virginia Library Charlottesville, VA Papers: In the papers of Alice and Phoebe Cary, 1850-1870, 75 items. Correspondents include Thomas A. Jenckes.


Hoogenboom, Ari. “Thomas A. Jenckes and Civil Service Reform. ” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 47 (March 1961): 636-58. In memoriam. Thomas Allen Jenckes. [Providence?: N.p., 1876]. Jenckes, Thomas Allen. Civil service. Washington: F. & J. Rives & G. A. Bailey, 1869. —. Speech of Hon. Thomas A. Jenckes, of Rhode Island. Washington: F. & J. Rives & G. A. Bailey, 1868. —. Speech of Hon. Thomas A. Jenckes, of Rhode Island, on the bill to regulate the civil service of the United States and to promote the efficiency thereof. Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1867. [Rider, Sidney Smith]. Thomas Allen Jenckes. [Providence: N.p., 1876].

Thomas Allen JENCKES Committee Assignments

Congress divides legislative work into committees where bills usually originate. Committees are specialized by subject and hold hearings, prepare bills for the consideration of the entire House, and regulate House procedure.
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