OFFICE Representative, Senator
POLITICAL PARTY Republican
WHICH CONGRESS SERVED 76th (1939-1941), 77th (1941-1943), 78th (1943-1945), 79th (1945-1947), 80th (1947-1949), 81st (1949-1951), 82nd (1951-1953), 83rd (1953-1955), 84th (1955-1957), 85th (1957-1959), 86th (1959-1961)
Representative, Senator Thomas Ellsworth MARTIN Biography
MARTIN, Thomas Ellsworth, a Representative and a Senator from Iowa; born in Melrose, Monroe County, Iowa, January 18, 1893; attended the public schools; graduated from the State University of Iowa in 1916 and from its law college in 1927; graduated from Columbia University graduate school in 1928; sales analyst and accountant for a rubber company in Akron, Ohio, and Dallas, Tex., in 1916 and 1917; during the First World War served as a first lieutenant with the Thirty-fifth Infantry, United States Army 1917-1919; continued work in the rubber industry; assistant professor of military science and tactics, University of Iowa, 1921-1923; accountant; admitted to the Iowa bar in 1927 and commenced practice in Iowa City; city solicitor for Iowa City 1933-1935; mayor of Iowa City 1935-1937; elected as a Republican to the Seventy-sixth and to the seven succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1939-January 3, 1955); was not a candidate for renomination in 1954; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1954, and served from January 3, 1955, to January 3, 1961; was not a candidate for renomination; retired and moved to Seattle, Wash., where he died June 27, 1971; interment in Willamette National Cemetery, Portland, Oreg. View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
External Research Collections
Georgetown University Special Collections Washington, DC Papers: 1944-1960. 2.25 feet. Correspondence, reports and government documents regarding the Panama Canal. Iowa State University Library Department of Special Collections Ames, IA Papers: Correspondence in Iowa Farmers Union records, 1921-1974. Sioux City Public Museum Sioux City, IA Papers: Correspondence in Thomas Barnett Huff papers, 1907-1968. State Historical Society of Iowa Des Moines, IA Papers: 1938-1965. 131 boxes. Correspondence, press releases, reports, speeches, programs, foreign trip files, magazines, maps, ribbons, medals, military records, and papers on subjects such as agriculture, education, politics, and defense. Topics include Korean conflict, defense, rearmament, President Truman’s foreign policy, United Nations, and water resources. Finding aid. University of Iowa Libraries Special Collections Department Iowa City, IA Papers: Correspondence in Robert K. Beck papers, 1939-1971; John Carlisle Pryor papers, 1920-1976; Orville Francis Grahame papers, 1931-1971; Charles Edwin Strickland papers, 1937-1972; Iowa Nurses’ Association records, 1904-1972; Frederick Delbert Schwengel papers, 1940-1972; and miscellaneous correspondence in various collections. University of Virginia Alderman Library Charlottesville, VA Papers: Correspondence in John Skelton Williams papers, 1884-1926. Finding aid.
Martin, Dorris B. “A Congressional Wife in Wartime Washington.” Palimpsest 64 (March/April 1983): 34-44.
Thomas Ellsworth MARTIN Committee Assignments
Congress divides legislative work into committees where bills usually originate. Committees are specialized by subject and hold hearings, prepare bills for the consideration of the entire House, and regulate House procedure.
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