OFFICE Representative, Senator
POLITICAL PARTY Democrat
WHICH CONGRESS SERVED 31st (1849-1851), 44th (1875-1877), 45th (1877-1879), 46th (1879-1881)
Representative, Senator Joseph Ewing MCDONALD Biography
McDONALD, Joseph Ewing, a Representative and a Senator from Indiana; born in Butler County, Ohio, August 29, 1819; moved with his mother to Montgomery County, Ind., in 1826; apprenticed to the saddler’s trade when twelve years of age in La Fayette, Ind.; attended Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Ind., and graduated from Asbury (now De Pauw) University, Greencastle, Ind., in 1840; studied law in La Fayette, Ind.; admitted to the bar in 1843, and practiced; prosecuting attorney 1843-1847; moved to Crawfordsville, Ind., in 1847, where he practiced law until 1859; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-first Congress (March 4, 1849-March 3, 1851); was not a candidate for renomination in 1850; elected attorney general of Indiana in 1856 and was reelected in 1858; moved to Indianapolis in 1859; unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Governor of Indiana in 1864; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1881; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; chairman, Committee on Public Lands (Forty-sixth Congress); died in Indianapolis, Ind., June 21, 1891; interment in Crown Hill Cemetery. View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
External Research Collections
Indiana Historical Society Indianapolis, IN Papers: 1883-1890. 12 letters and forms. Indiana State Library Indianapolis, IN Papers: Correspondence in Austin H. Brown papers, 1830-1901.
Joseph Ewing MCDONALD Committee Assignments
Congress divides legislative work into committees where bills usually originate. Committees are specialized by subject and hold hearings, prepare bills for the consideration of the entire House, and regulate House procedure.
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