Representative, Senator Henry Clay HANSBROUGH

YEARS 1848-1933
OFFICE Representative, Senator
STATE North Dakota
WHICH CONGRESS SERVED 51st (1889-1891), 52nd (1891-1893), 53rd (1893-1895), 54th (1895-1897), 55th (1897-1899), 56th (1899-1901), 57th (1901-1903), 58th (1903-1905), 59th (1905-1907), 60th (1907-1909)

Representative, Senator Henry Clay HANSBROUGH Biography

HANSBROUGH, Henry Clay, a Representative and a Senator from North Dakota; born near Prairie du Rocher, Randolph County, Ill., January 30, 1848; attended the common schools; moved to San Jose, Calif., in 1867; learned the art of printing and worked at the trade in San Jose, Calif., and later at Baraboo, Wis.; moved to Dakota Territory and established the Grand Forks News in 1881 and the Inter-Ocean at Devils Lake in 1883; mayor of Devils Lake 1885-1888; member of the Republican National Committee 1888-1896; upon the admission of North Dakota as a State into the Union was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-first Congress and served from November 2, 1889, until March 3, 1891; did not seek renomination in 1891, having become a candidate for Senator; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1891; reelected in 1897 and again in 1903 and served from March 4, 1891, to March 3, 1909; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1909; chairman, Committee on the Library (Fifty-fourth Congress), Committee on Public Lands (Fifty-fifth through Sixtieth Congresses), Committee on Agriculture and Forestry (Sixtieth Congress); resumed his former business pursuits in Devils Lake, N.Dak.; moved to Florida, New York, and finally to Washington, D.C., in 1927, where he died on November 16, 1933; cremated and the ashes scattered under an elm tree on the United States Capitol Grounds, Washington, D.C. View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

External Research Collections

Library of Congress Manuscript Division Washington, DC Papers: Many Hansbrough papers in the Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft collections. Finding aid. State Historical Society of North Dakota Bismarck, ND Papers: In the Isaac P. Baker papers, 1872-1924; Erastus Appleman Williams papers, 1892-1923; J. Dexter Pierce papers, 1795-1945; and manuscript satire (no date), “The Quality of Mercy.” University of North Dakota Chester Fritz Library Grand Forks, ND Papers: In North Dakota politicians collection, 1907-1949. Photocopies of originals in State Historical Society of Wisconsin.


Hansbrough, Henry Clay. America’s Money Tragedy. Washington: B.G. Lubore, 1933. ___. The Second Amendment. Minneapolis: Hudson Publishing Co., 1911. ___. War and Woman: An Exposition of Man’s Failure as a Harmonizer. New York: Duffield & Co., 1915. Schlup, Leonard. “Henry C. Hansbrough and the Fight Against the Tariff in 1894.” North Dakota History 45 (Winter 1978): 4-9. ___. “Henry C. Hansbrough and the Presidential Election of 196.” Nanzan Review of American Studies 17 (1995): 81-97. ___. Henry C. Hansbrough: Political Maverick of the Northern Plains. Akron, Ohio: Midwest Press, 2007. ___. “Political Maverick: Senator Hansbrough and Republican Party Politics, 1907-1912.” North Dakota History 45 (Fall 1978): 32-39. ___. “Quiet Imperialist: Henry C. Hansbrough and the Question of Expansion.” North Dakota History 45 (Spring 1978): 26-31.

Henry Clay HANSBROUGH Committee Assignments

Congress divides legislative work into committees where bills usually originate. Committees are specialized by subject and hold hearings, prepare bills for the consideration of the entire House, and regulate House procedure.
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