Representative, Senator Eugene Joseph MCCARTHY

YEARS 1916-2005
OFFICE Representative, Senator
STATE Minnesota
POLITICAL PARTY Democrat
WHICH CONGRESS SERVED 81st (1949-1951), 82nd (1951-1953), 83rd (1953-1955), 84th (1955-1957), 85th (1957-1959), 86th (1959-1961), 87th (1961-1963), 88th (1963-1965), 89th (1965-1967), 90th (1967-1969), 91st (1969-1971)

Representative, Senator Eugene Joseph MCCARTHY Biography

McCARTHY, Eugene Joseph, a Representative and a Senator from Minnesota; born in Watkins, Meeker County, Minn., March 29, 1916; attended St. Anthony Catholic School in Watkins, Minn., and St. Johns Preparatory High School in Collegeville, Minn.; graduated from St. John’s University, Collegeville, Minn., in 1935, and from the University of Minnesota at Minneapolis in 1939; taught in the public high schools of Minnesota and North Dakota 1935-1940; professor of economics and education at St. John’s University 1940-1943; civilian technical assistant in the Military Intelligence Division of the War Department in 1944; instructor in sociology and economics at St. Thomas College, St. Paul, Minn., 1946-1949; elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-first and to the four succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1949-January 3, 1959); was not a candidate for renomination in 1958; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1958; reelected in 1964 and served from January 3, 1959, to January 3, 1971; was not a candidate for reelection to the Senate in 1970; unsuccessful candidate for election to the Senate in 1982; unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in 1968, 1972, and 1992; was a resident of Woodville, Va., from 1978 until his death on December 10, 2005; interment in Woodville, Va. View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

External Research Collections

Broadcast Pioneers Library University of Maryland Hornbake Library College Park, MD Papers: 5 audiotapes (1968-1970) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981. Columbia University Oral History Project New York, NY Oral History: Discussed in interview with Edward Costikyan. Columbia University Rare Book and Manuscript Library New York, NY Papers: In Ruth Nanda Anshen papers, 1938-1986; Edward Costikyan papers, 1952-1985; and Lenore Marshall papers, 1887-1980. Cornell University Libraries Rare Books and Manuscript Collections Ithaca, NY Papers: In National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees Division Director’s records, 1939-1970; National Federation of Grain Cooperatives records, 1946-1976; Sarah Rebecca Elbert papers, 1968-1976; and Coalition for an Independent Candidacy records, 1968. Oral History: Discussed in interviews with Alice Cook, Joel Feigenbaum, and John Marcham. Dartmouth College Hanover, NH Papers: Material relating to McCarthy’s New Hampshire 1968 primary campaign in David C. Hoeh papers, 1960-1978. Library of Congress Manuscript Division Washington, DC Papers: 4 photocopies (1960); material concerning McCarthy’s presidential campaign in Joseph L. Rauh papers, 1913-1986 (bulk 1950-1984); and correspondence in Katie Louchheim papers, 1914-1974. Minnesota Historical Society St. Paul, MN Papers: 1943-2000. 379 cubic feet. Includes correspondence, memoranda, press releases, campaign files, scrapbooks, legislative material, speeches, clippings, diaries, appointment books, literary manuscripts, and personal and family miscellany. Includes material on congressional committees, executive departments, campaigns, legislation, public and constituent relations, agriculture, public works, civil rights, public finance and economic policy, foreign trade, Indian affairs, commerce and industry, public lands, and Vietnam. Finding aid available in the repository and online. Additional Papers: In Carol Connolly papers, 1964-1991; Abigail Q. McCarthy papers; Minnesota McCarthy for President records; Hjalmar Petersen papers, 1907-1968; James M. Youngdale papers, 1932-1981; and audiovisual materials in Minnesota governor tapes and films collection, [195-]-[196-]. Oral History: 1968. 1.5 hours. Television interviews. Copyright, CBS and NBC. Also discussed in interviews (1964, 150 pages; 1970, 57 pages) with Hubert Humphrey. Moorhead State University Northwest Minnesota Historical Center Moorhead, MN Papers: 6 letters in William Dosland papers, 1959-1971; and 10 letters in Harry Basford papers, 1948-1973. Oral History: Discussed in interview with Burnett Bergeson (July 7, 1977), 115 minutes. Radcliffe College Schlesinger Library Cambridge, MA Papers: In Mary Abigail McCarthy papers, 1968-1990; Ruth Proskauer Smith papers, 1959-1975; and Margaret Louise Murray Blizard papers, 1929-1985. Franklin D. Roosevelt Library Hyde Park, NY Papers: Correspondence in James H. Rowe papers, 1924-1983. St. Cloud State University Central Minnesota Historical Center St. Cloud, MN Papers: 1968. 1 cubic foot. St. Cloud McCarthy-for-President Committee records including newspaper articles, advertisements, invitations, photographs, subject files, and memorabilia. Finding aid. Stanford University Libraries Special Collections Stanford, CA Oral History: Presidential campaign discussed in interview (1984) with Stanley K. Sheinbaum. State Historical Society of Wisconsin Archives Division Madison, WI Papers: Correspondence in Joseph R. Starobin papers, 1932-1979; Humphrey for President Committee records, 1956-1960; United Packinghouse, Food, and Allied Workers records, 1937-1982; David Schoenbrun papers, 1963-1978; Wisconsin McCarthy for President records, 1967-1968; Donald O. Peterson papers, 1960-1980; a speech in Libertarian party recorded proceedings (1979); a film interview transcript in Howard K. Smith papers, 1941-1963; and materials relating to a documentary film entitled “America is Hard to See,” (1970) a study of McCarthy’s 1968 campaign in Emile de Antonio papers, 1868-1989. State University of New York College at Plattsburgh Feinberg Library Plattsburgh, NY Papers: 1966-1968. 119 items. Election campaign material of Eugene McCarthy and Paul O’Dwyer. Finding aid. University of Georgia Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies Athens, GA Papers: Material relating to Eugene McCarthy movement among Georgians in John Burnett Morris papers, 1966-1970. University of Michigan Bentley Historical Library Ann Arbor, MI Papers: Correspondence in Stella Brunt Osborn papers, 1916-1983; Richard G. Wilson papers, 1967-1969; William H. McNitt papers, 1968-1974; LeRoy Cappaert papers, 1963-1970; and Arnold S. Kaufman papers, 1954-1971. Finding aid. University of Minnesota Special Collections Minneapolis, MN Papers: 1948-1976. 545 feet. Materials related to Senator McCarthy’s campaigns for President of the United States in 1968, 1972, and 1976 together with other personal papers and literary manuscripts. The papers include office and national campaign files, audio-visual materials including tape recordings, 16mm and 35mm film, video tape, and photographs; campaign film footage, advertising, correspondence, speeches, press releases, oral history transcripts that were part of the McCarthy Historical Project, card files, news clippings, books, and other materials. These were transferred from Georgetown University in 2002. Finding aid. Oral History: Ca. 700 interviews with 1968 campaign workers and 70 written narratives. Part of the McCarthy Historical Project. University of Oklahoma Carl Albert Center Congressional Archives Norman, OK Papers: 1968. .6 foot. Oklahoma McCarthy for President Committee records including correspondence, press releases and speeches, position papers, and clippings. University of Wyoming American Heritage Center Laramie, WY Papers: Correspondence in Louis De Rochement papers, 1930-1977. Wayne State University Walter P. Reuther Library Detroit, MI Papers: Correspondence in Wayne County AFL-CIO records of the president and vice president, 1951-1967. Finding aid. Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Jewish Theological Seminary Library, New York, NY; New York Public Library, New York, NY; State University of New York, Poetry and Rare Books, Buffalo, NY; Syracuse University, George Arents Research Library, Syracuse, NY; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Archives, IL; University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; and Yale University Library, New Haven, CT.

Bibliography

Adler, Bill, ed. The McCarthy Wit. Greenwich, CT: Fawcett Publications, 1969. Eisele, Albert. Almost to the Presidency: A Biography of Two American Politicians. Blue Earth, MN: Piper Co., 1972. McCarthy, Abigail. Private Faces/Public Places. New York: Doubleday & Company, 1972. McCarthy, Eugene J. America Revisited: 150 Years after Tocqueville. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1978. ___. A Colony of the World: The United States Today: America’s Senior Statesman Warns His Countrymen. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1992. ___. Complexities and Contraries: Essays of Mild Discontent. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1982. ___. The Crescent Dictionary of American Politics. New York: Macmillan, 1962. ___. First Things First: New Priorities for America. New York: New American Library, 1968. ___. Frontiers in American Democracy. Cleveland: World Publishing Co., 1960. ___. Gene McCarthy’s Minnesota: Memories of a Native Son. Minneapolis: Winston Press, 1982. ___. Ground Fog and Night: Poems. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1979. ___. The Hard Years: A Look at Contemporary America and American Institutions. New York: Viking Press, 1975. ___. A Liberal Answer to the Conservative Challenge. New York: Macfadden-Bartell Corp., 1964. ___. The Limits of Power: America’s Role in the World. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1967. ___. Mr. Raccoon and His Friends. 1977. Rev. ed. Chicago: Academy Chicago Publishers, 1992. ___. Other Things and the Aardvark. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1970. ___. Required Reading: A Decade of Political Wit & Wisdom. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1988. ___. And Time Began. St. Paul: North Central Publishing Co., 1968. ___. The Ultimate Tyranny: The Majority over the Majority. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1980. ___. Up ’til Now: A Memoir. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1987. ___. The View from Rappahannock. McLean, VA: EPM Publications, 1984. ___. The View from Rappahannock II. McLean, VA: EPM Publications, 1989. ___. The Year of the People. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1969. McCarthy, Eugene J., and James J. Kilpatrick. A Political Bestiary: Viable Alternatives, Impressive Mandates, and Other Fables. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1978. McCarthy, Eugene J., and William McGaughey. Nonfinancial Economics: The Case for Shorter Hours of Work. New York: Praeger, 1989. Rinzler, Carol E., ed. Frankly McCarthy. Washington: Public Affairs Press, 1969. Sandbrook, Dominic. Eugene McCarthy: The Rise and Fall of Postwar American Liberalism. New York: Knopf, 2004. Stuhler, Barbara. “A Tale of Two Democrats: Hubert H. Humphrey and Eugene J. McCarthy.” In Ten Men of Minnesota and American Foreign Policy, 1898-1968, pp. 194-251. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1973.

Eugene Joseph MCCARTHY Committee Assignments

Congress divides legislative work into committees where bills usually originate. Committees are specialized by subject and hold hearings, prepare bills for the consideration of the entire House, and regulate House procedure.

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