Representative Samuel Scott MARSHALL

YEARS 1821-1890
OFFICE Representative
STATE Illinois
WHICH CONGRESS SERVED 34th (1855-1857), 35th (1857-1859), 39th (1865-1867), 40th (1867-1869), 41st (1869-1871), 42nd (1871-1873), 43rd (1873-1875)

Representative Samuel Scott MARSHALL Biography

MARSHALL, Samuel Scott, a Representative from Illinois; born near Shawneetown, Gallatin County, Ill., March 12, 1821; attended public and private schools in McLeansboro, Ill., and Cumberland College, Kentucky; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1845 and commenced practice in McLeansboro, Ill.; member of the State house of representatives in 1846 and 1847; State’s attorney for the third judicial circuit of Illinois in 1847 and 1848; circuit court judge 1851-1854 and 1861-1864; delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1860, 1864, and 1880; delegate to the Union National Convention at Philadelphia in 1866; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth Congresses (March 4, 1855-March 3, 1859); chairman, Committee on Claims (Thirty-fifth Congress); was the candidate of his party for United States Senator in 1861; elected to the Thirty-ninth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1865-March 3, 1875), and was the candidate of his party for Speaker of the House in 1867; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1874 to the Forty-fourth Congress; president of the board of managers of Hamilton College 1875-1880; died in McLeansboro, Hamilton County, Ill., July 26, 1890; interment in Odd Fellows Cemetery. View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

External Research Collections

The Morgan Library Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts New York, NY Papers: N.d., 1 item. An undated autograph of Samuel Scott Marshall, clipped from the register of Brown’s Hotel in Washington, D.C.


Marshall, Samuel Scott. The real issue–union or disunion. Washington: Printed at the Union Office, 1856.

Samuel Scott MARSHALL Committee Assignments

Congress divides legislative work into committees where bills usually originate. Committees are specialized by subject and hold hearings, prepare bills for the consideration of the entire House, and regulate House procedure.

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