POLITICAL PARTY Republican
WHICH CONGRESS SERVED 43rd (1873-1875)
Representative James Stewart MARTIN Biography
MARTIN, James Stewart, a Representative from Illinois; born in Estillville (now Gate City), Scott County, Va., August 19, 1826; attended the common schools and Emory and Henry College, Emory, Va.; moved to Salem, Marion County, Ill., in 1846; served during the Mexican War in Company C, First Regiment of Illinois Volunteers; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1861 and commenced practice in Salem, Ill.; clerk of Marion County Court; during the Civil War served in the Union Army; commissioned colonel of the One Hundred and Eleventh Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, September 18, 1862; brevetted brigadier general of Volunteers February 26, 1865; honorably mustered out June 7, 1865; judge of Marion County Court; appointed by President Grant as United States pension agent April 13, 1869; elected as a Republican to the Forty-third Congress (March 4, 1873-March 3, 1875); unsuccessful candidate for reelection; commissioner of the Southern Illinois Penitentiary at Menard in 1879; died in Salem, Ill., November 20, 1907; interment in East Lawn Cemetery. View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
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James Stewart MARTIN Committee Assignments
Congress divides legislative work into committees where bills usually originate. Committees are specialized by subject and hold hearings, prepare bills for the consideration of the entire House, and regulate House procedure.
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