POLITICAL PARTY Republican
WHICH CONGRESS SERVED 41st (1869-1871), 42nd (1871-1873), 43rd (1873-1875), 44th (1875-1877)
Representative George Washington MCCRARY Biography
McCRARY, George Washington, a Representative from Iowa; born near Evansville, Vanderburg County, Ind., August 29, 1835; moved to the Territory of Iowa in 1836 with his parents, who settled in Van Buren County; attended the public schools; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1856 and commenced practice in Keokuk, Iowa; member of the State house of representatives in 1857; served in the State senate in 1861-1865; elected as a Republican to the Forty-first and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1869-March 3, 1877); chairman, Committee on Elections (Forty-second Congress), Committee on Railways and Canals (Forty-third Congress); was not a candidate for renomination in 1876; Secretary of War in the Cabinet of President Hayes from March 12, 1877, to December 11, 1879, when he resigned; served as United States judge of the eighth judicial circuit 1880-1884; moved to Kansas City, Mo.; became general counsel for the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Co. in 1884; died in St. Joseph, Mo., June 23, 1890; interment in Oakland Cemetery, Keokuk, Iowa. View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
External Research Collections
Jackson County Historical Society Independence, MO Papers: In McCrary family papers, 1877-1921. 2 boxes and 1 reel of microfilm. Chiefly family papers with little congressional material. New-York Historical Society New York, NY Papers: April 7, 1877; January 16 and May 8, 1879. 3 letters. Official correspondence. Finding aid in repository. State Historical Society of Iowa Des Moines, IA Papers: 1872-1874. 1 folder. Personal and business papers and photographs. Also one letter in Alonzo Abernethy collection.
McCrary, George Washington. The evils of the civil service and the remedy. [Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1872]. ——. Improvement of the mouth of the Mississippi River. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1874. ——. The political issues of the time. Washington, D.C.: National Republican Publishing Company, 1878. ——. A treatise on the American law of elections. Keokuk, Iowa: R.B. Ogden. Chicago: E.B. Myers, 1875. Revised, Chicago: Callaghan & Co., 1897.
George Washington MCCRARY Committee Assignments
Congress divides legislative work into committees where bills usually originate. Committees are specialized by subject and hold hearings, prepare bills for the consideration of the entire House, and regulate House procedure.
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