Representative Duncan MCARTHUR

YEARS 1772-1839
OFFICE Representative
POLITICAL PARTY Adams-Clay Republican, Republican
WHICH CONGRESS SERVED 13th (1813-1815), 18th (1823-1825)

Representative Duncan MCARTHUR Biography

McARTHUR, Duncan, a Representative from Ohio; born in Dutchess County, N.Y., June 14, 1772; moved with his father to western Pennsylvania in 1780; received a limited education; served in the Indian campaign in 1790 under General Harmer; moved to Maysville, Ky., in 1793 and was employed in the salt works; settled in Ross County, Ohio, in 1796; acted as a spy among the Indians; member of the state house of representatives in 1804; helped to organize the Militia and was commissioned colonel in 1805 and major general in 1808; served in the state senate 1805-1814 and was speaker in 1809 and 1810; raised a regiment of Volunteers during the War of 1812 and was commissioned colonel; elected as a Republican to the Thirteenth Congress, but never qualified, resigning on April 5, 1813; commissioned brigadier general of Volunteers in March 1813; Indian treaty commissioner in 1816; member of the state house of representatives in 1817 and 1818 and served as speaker; served in the state senate 1821-1823; elected as an Adams-Clay Republican to the Eighteenth Congress (March 4, 1823-March 3, 1825); chairman, Committee on Public Expenditures (Eighteenth Congress); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1824; again a member of the state house of representatives in 1826; again served in the state senate in 1829 and 1830; Governor of Ohio 1830-1832; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1834 to the Twenty-third Congress; died in Chillicothe, Ohio, on April 29, 1839; interment in Grandview Cemetery. View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

External Research Collections

Detroit Public Library Burton Historical Collection Detroit, MI Papers: 1813-1818. 4 volumes and 1 package. Photocopies. Papers relating to military activities. Library of Congress Manuscript Division Washington, DC Papers: 1785-1848. 54 containers. Correspondence (some relating to his congressional service), documents on his land holdings, account books, military papers, and printed matter. Described in handbook (1918). New-York Historical Society New York, NY Papers: December 22, 1815; December 13, 1816. 2 letters. Finding aid in repository. Ohio Historical Society Columbus, OH Papers: 1799-1832. ca. 1 foot and 20 reels of microfilm. In part microfilm of originals in Library of Congress. Personal, military, business, and political correspondence and papers. Typescript inventory in repository. Microfilm described in Library of Congress handbook (1918).


Cramer, Clarence H. Duncan McArthur. Columbus, Ohio: N.p., 1937. ——. “Duncan McArthur: First Phase, 1772-1812.” Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly 45 (January 1936): 27-33. McDonald, John. Biographical Sketches of General Nathaniel Massie, General Duncan McArthur, Captain William Wells, and General Simon Kenton: Who Were Early Settlers in the Western Country. Cincinnati: For the author, by E. Morgan and Son, 1838. Reprint, Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1979. Smith, S. Winifred. “Duncan McArthur, 1830-1832.” In Governors of Ohio, pp. 31-34. N.p.: Ohio Historical Society, 1954.

Duncan MCARTHUR Committee Assignments

Congress divides legislative work into committees where bills usually originate. Committees are specialized by subject and hold hearings, prepare bills for the consideration of the entire House, and regulate House procedure.

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