POLITICAL PARTY Democrat
WHICH CONGRESS SERVED 51st (1889-1891), 52nd (1891-1893), 53rd (1893-1895)
Representative Augustus Newton MARTIN Biography
MARTIN, Augustus Newton, a Representative from Indiana; born near Whitestown, Butler County, Pa., March 23, 1847; attended the common schools and Witherspoon Institute, Butler, Pa., and was graduated from Eastman College, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., in February 1867; enlisted July 3, 1863, in Company I, Fifty-eighth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Militia; enlisted again February 22, 1865, in Company E, Seventy-eighth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and served until discharged for disability August 30, 1865; taught school; studied law in Bluffton, Wells County, Ind., in 1869; was admitted to the bar in 1870 and practiced; member of the State house of representatives in 1875; elected reporter of the Supreme Court of Indiana in 1876 and served four years; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1880; resided in Austin, Tex., 1881-1883; returned to Bluffton, Ind., in 1883; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-first, Fifty-second, and Fifty-third Congresses (March 4, 1889-March 3, 1895); chairman, Committee on Invalid Pensions (Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses); unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the Fifty-fourth Congress; engaged in the practice of law in Bluffton, Ind., until his death at the Soldiers’ Home Hospital, Marion, Ind., July 11, 1901; interment in Fairview Cemetery, Bluffton, Ind. View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
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Augustus Newton MARTIN Committee Assignments
Congress divides legislative work into committees where bills usually originate. Committees are specialized by subject and hold hearings, prepare bills for the consideration of the entire House, and regulate House procedure.
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