Jimmy Carter Presidency | 39th US PRESIDENT
US President: (1977-1981)
US Vice President: Walter Mondale
Political Party: Democrat
Birth: October 1, 1924 Plains, GA
Education: Georgia Southwestern State University, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta Union College, United States Naval Academy
39th President of the United States (1977 – 1981)
76th Governor of Georgia (1971 – 1975)
Member of the Georgia Senate from the 14th district (1963 – 1967)
First Ladies: Rosalynn Smith (m. 1946 – present)
Children: John Carter, James Carter III, Donnel Carter, Amy Carter
Facts about Jimmy Carter
First, Carter was the first person on his fathers side of his family to graduate from high school. Carter gave up his military career to save the family peanut farm. Additionally, as a parent, Carter became involved in local politics when he served on an education board.
He supported civil rights, which hurt his early political career in Georgia. After a poor showing the 1966 governors race, Carter adopted a more centrist image, and he won election in 1970. He became known as a budget cutter while in office.
- Jimmy Carter was the first U.S. president to be born in a hospital.
- The Carter Center, established by the former president in 1982, has observed 100 elections in 38 countries.
- He created the Department of Energy and established a national policy to address the energy shortage.
- President Carter played a key role in the Camp David peace accords, but he also struggled with Congress and the media. The Iranian Hostage crisis proved to be a significant factor in his 1980 loss to Ronald Reagan.
- Carter received his Nobel Prize in 2002. He received the award for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development.
- Regarded as perhaps his greatest personal achievements were the Camp David accords between Israel and Egypt and the resulting treatie the first between Israel and an Arab neighbor.
- Carter worked for nuclear-arms control. His concern for international human rights was credited with saving lives and reducing torture, and he supported the British policy that ended internecine warfare in Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe.
- He was the first deep south President elected since the Civil War.
Since leaving the White House, Carter has penned over 20 books on a variety of topics, ranging from such topics as religion, human rights, poetry and the transience of life. He has even written a children’s book which is illustrated by his daughter, Amy.
Jimmy Carter Childhood
First, James Earl Carter Jr. was born on October 1, 1924 in Plains, Georgia. His father, James Earl Carter Sr., was a hardworking peanut farmer who owned his own small plot of land as well as a warehouse and store. Also, his mother, Bessie Lillian Gordy, was a registered nurse who in the 1920’s had crossed racial divides to counsel black women on health care issues.
When Jimmy Carter was four years old, the family relocated to Archery, a town approximately two miles from Plains. Also, it was a sparsely populated and deeply rural town, where mule-drawn wagons remained the dominant mode of transportation and electricity and indoor plumbing were still uncommon. Carter was a studious boy who avoided trouble and began working at his father’s store at the age of ten. His favorite childhood pastime was sitting with his father in the evenings, listening to baseball games and politics on the battery-operated radio.
Second, both of Carter’s parents were deeply religious. They belonged to Plains Baptist Church and insisted that Carter attend Sunday school, which his father occasionally taught. Carter attended the all-white Plains High School while the area’s majority black population received educations at home or at church. Furthermore, despite this pervasive segregation, two of Carter’s closest childhood friends were African American, as were two of the most influential adults in his life, his nanny Annie Mae Hollis and his father’s worker Jack Clark. While the Great Depression hit most of the rural south very hard, the Carters managed to prosper during these years, and by the late 1930s his father had over 200 workers employed on his farms. In 1941, Jimmy Carter became the first person from his father’s side of the family to graduate from high school.
Jimmy Carter College
Carter studied engineering at Georgia Southwestern Junior College before joining the Naval ROTC program to continue his engineering studies at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He then applied to the highly competitive Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, which accepted him to begin studies in the summer of 1943. Nevertheless, Carter continued to excel at academics, graduating in the top ten percent of his class in 1946. While on leave in the summers, Carter had reconnected with a girl named Rosalynn Smith whom he had known since childhood. They married in June 1946.
Finally, the Navy assigned Jimmy Carter to work on submarines, and in the early years of their marriage, the Carters like many a military familys moved frequently. After a training program in Norfolk, Virginia, they moved out to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, where Carter was an electronics officer on the USS Pomfret. Also, after subsequent postings to Groton, Connecticut; San Diego, California and Washington, D.C., in 1952 Carter was assigned to work with Admiral Hyman Rickover developing a nuclear submarine program in Schenectady, New York. The brilliant and notoriously demanding admiral made a profound impression on Carter. “”I think, second to my own father, Rickover had more effect on my life than any other man,”” he later said.