Harry Truman Facts | 33rd US PRESIDENT
US President: 1945-1953
US Vice President: 34th Vice President (1945-1953)
Political Party: Democratic
Birth: May 8, 1884 at Lamar, Missouri
Death: December 26, 1972 (aged 88) at Kansas City, Missouri
33rd President of the United States (1945 – 1953)
34th Vice President of the United States (1945)
United States Senator from Missouri (1935 – 1945)
First Ladies: Bess Wallace (m. 1919 – 1972)
Children: Margaret Truman
Pictures of Bess Truman from the Library of Congress
Facts about Harry S Truman
Truman used a key Senate committee to rise to power. At the age of 57, Truman took over a special committee to monitor wasteful spending at business, labor, and government agencies during the World War II. Furthermore, he quickly became a household name as the head of the Truman Committee.
Roosevelt kept Truman in the dark about war matters. Also, as vice president, Truman had little contact with the president and was asked to mostly deal with matters in the Senate.
- Truman was a war hero who saw action in battle. He enlisted in the National Guard and was an artillery commander during World War I.
- Truman worked at several jobs, including running a sewing supply shop, farming, and clerking at a bank, until he became a county judge in Missouri.
- Truman wasn’t a first-choice candidate for the Senate.
- Elizabeth “”Bess”” Virginia Wallace was a childhood friend of Truman’s.
Trumans parents gave him a middle name of after they couldn’t agree on a middle name as a tribute to relatives whose names both started with the letter S.
- An excellent student, Truman’s parents were unable to afford college for Harry and his eyesight prevented him from attending West Point.
- He forced Japanese surrender in 1945 through the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and National Security Council (NSC), the recognition of the State of Israel, the response to the Cold War and our involvement in the Korean War were also decisions that Truman faced.
Truman created the Truman Doctrine that stated that it was America’s duty to “”support free peoples who are resisting … subjugation by armed minorities or outside pressures.””
Harry S Truman Childhood
Harry S. Truman was the first of three children born to John Anderson Truman, a farmer and mule trader, and his wife, Martha Ellen Truman. Harry was named in honor of his maternal uncle, Harrison Young, but his parents couldnt decide on a middle name. Also, after more than a month, they settled on simply using the letter S as a tribute to both his maternal grandfather, Solomon Young, and his paternal grandfather, Anderson Shipp Truman.
Truman grew up on the family farm in Independence, Missouri, and did not attend college. He worked a variety of jobs after high school, first as a timekeeper for a railroad construction company, and then as a clerk and a bookkeeper at two separate banks in Kansas City. After five years, he returned to farming and joined the National Guard.
Where is Harry S Truman buried?
He is buried at the Harry S. Truman Library & Museum in Independence.
How did Harry S Truman die?
On December 5, 1972, Truman was admitted to Kansas City’s Research Hospital and Medical Center with lung congestion from pneumonia. He developed multiple organ failure and died at 7:50 am on December 26 at the age of 88.”
Harry S TRUMAN Biography
TRUMAN, Harry S., a Senator from Missouri, a Vice President, and Thirty-third President of the United States; born in Lamar, Barton County, Mo., May 8, 1884; moved with his parents to a farm in Jackson County, Mo., in 1888; attended the public schools in Independence, Mo.; engaged in agricultural pursuits; during the First World War was commissioned a first lieutenant, later a captain, and served with Battery D, One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Field Artillery, United States Army, with service overseas; discharged as a major in 1919; colonel of Field Artillery, United States Army Reserve Corps 1920-1953; engaged in the haberdashery business 1919-1921; studied law at Kansas City (Mo.) Law School; judge of the Jackson County Court 1922-1924, and presiding judge 1926-1934;
Elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1934; reelected in 1940 and served from January 3, 1935, until his resignation on January 17, 1945; chairman, Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program (Seventy-seventh and Seventy-eighth Congresses), formed at Truman’s initiative and widely known as the Truman Committee, which called nationwide attention to military contracting procedures; elected Vice President of the United States on the Democratic ticket with Franklin Roosevelt in 1944, and inaugurated on January 20, 1945; upon the death of President Roosevelt on April 12, 1945, became President of the United States; elected in 1948 for the term ending January 20, 1953; was not a candidate for reelection in 1952; returned to his home in Independence, Mo.; engaged in writing his memoirs and took an active interest in the creation of the Truman Library; died in Kansas City, Mo., December 26, 1972; interment in the Rose Garden at the Truman Library, Independence, Mo.