POLITICAL PARTY Republican
WHICH CONGRESS SERVED 46th (1879-1881)
Delegate Stephen Wheeler DOWNEY Biography
DOWNEY, Stephen Wheeler, (father of Sheridan Downey), a Delegate from the Territory of Wyoming; born in Western Port, Allegany County, Md., July 25, 1839; pursued an academic course; enlisted as a private in Company C, Third Regiment, Potomac Home Brigade, Maryland Infantry, October 31, 1861; successively promoted to first lieutenant, lieutenant colonel, and colonel; studied law; was admitted to the bar in Washington, D.C., in 1863; moved to the Territory of Wyoming in 1869 and practiced law in Laramie; prosecuting attorney of Albany County in 1869 and 1870; elected a member of the Territorial council in 1871, 1875, and 1877; treasurer of the Territory 1872-1875; auditor of the Territory 1877-1879; elected as a Republican to the Forty-sixth Congress (March 4, 1879-March 3, 1881); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1880; elected a member of the Territorial house of representatives in 1886 and again in 1890; trustee of the University of Wyoming at Laramie 1891-1897 and served as its president; member of the State house of representatives in 1893 and 1895 and served as speaker in the latter year; member of the State constitutional convention in 1889; again prosecuting attorney of Albany County from 1899 until his death in Denver, Colorado, August 3, 1902; interment in Green Hill Cemetery, Laramie, Albany County, Wyo. View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
External Research Collections
University of California The Bancroft Library Berkley, CA Papers: 1875, 1 page. A letter from Stephen Wheeler Downey to the A.L. Bancroft & Company in Laramie, Wyoming written on March 23, 1875. In the letter, Stephen Downey writes concerning materials for the “Pacific Coast Library.” Oral History: 1956-1957, 316 leaves. Oral history interviews of Stephen Wheeler Downey conducted in Sacramento, California by Willa K. Baum in October, 1956-January, 1957. Also with the interview are notes on Downey’s early life and family; law practice in Sacramento; California State Reclamation Board; various reclamation districts and projects; irrigation districts and their Association; water problems; the legal profession; California politics and politicians (including his brother, Sheridan Downey) Small portrait pasted in. The interview also is available on microfilm. University of Wyoming American Heritage Center Laramie, WY Papers: In the Downey Family Papers, 1866-1997, 2.5 cubic feet. Persons represented include Stephen Wheeler Downey. A finding aid is available in the repository and online: http://rmoa.unm.edu/docviewer.php?docId=wyu-ah10555.xml.
Stephen Wheeler DOWNEY Committee Assignments
Congress divides legislative work into committees where bills usually originate. Committees are specialized by subject and hold hearings, prepare bills for the consideration of the entire House, and regulate House procedure.
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